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    Zero injection solutions for on-grid inverters

    Nowadays, photovoltaic systems have been widely used all around the world. There are plenty strengths of using solar power to supply loads, reducing carbon emissions, lowering electricity costs, and even selling electricity to the grid for profit. In a solar system, the inverter can convert the DC power to AC power, which supplies the load first and the excess will be injected into the grid. However, due to the need to maintain grid quality, not all countries or electricity companies can allow generators to export to the grid, so the need to control zero output has arisen.


    For now, SolaX has released three solutions to control zero injection, which are built-in export control function, power bias function, and per phase control function.


    1.    Built-in export control

    This is a basic export control function integrated in all SolaX inverters, which need to be used with a measuring device: Meter, Meter with CT or standalone CT. The following diagram shows the wiring of a meter with CT, both the AC and communication lines need to be connected to ensure accurate export control, for the specific connection steps please refer to the article:

    The meter detects the consumption power and reports it to the inverter, then based on the integrated export control algorithm, the inverter can limit the output to only be sufficient to the load, so as to achieve zero injection to the grid. After the system wiring mentioned in the above articles, system configuration is also required. Users can set up the export control function locally via LCD or remotely via APP and monitoring platform, taking the local setting as an example, the steps are as follows:

    Note: The 'CT' option is not available for three-phase on-grid inverters, which can only work with meter or meter with CT at the moment.


    Users can set the power injected to the grid according to how much power is required as ‘User Value’ option and set it to zero if zero export is needed.

    2.    Power bias

    Due to light power fluctuations caused by load changes during export control, we have developed a new function Power Bias on the basis of the built-in export control function, thus maximizing the absence of any power output.


    Power bias is to prefer to buy electricity from the grid rather than an injection, which is mainly suitable for sites with strict restrictions on zero export. Users can enable this function as needed as follows:

    Users need to enable the power bias function by choosing the 'INV' item, and if needed, the bias power can be set. This function now has released on the following models, and the default value and its defining range can be found in the table below:

    3.    Per phase control

    For single-phase inverters, the above two solutions are sufficient for accurate control of the zero output. However, for three-phase inverters, since nonsupport three-phase unbalanced output, according to the existing logic, the inverter will control the zero output by the way of calculating the average of the power of three phases’ loads, which is called ‘Total control’. But in this case, it may happen that one phase has power output when the loads on the three phases are different. To prevent this situation, we have developed a function to control the output for each phase, and we call it ‘Per phase control’.


    Per phase control means that the phase with the smallest load is used as the reference, and each phase of the inverter outputs at the power of the reference, resulting in an overall zero grid injection. The following diagram shows the difference between the total control and per phase control, which demonstrates how per phase control achieves the complete zero output:

    As can be seen from the diagram, with different loads, there is a possibility that one phase is on output when using total control, whereas the per-phase control solution would not. To enable the per phase control, users can configure the inverter as follows:

    Note: For three phase on-grid inverters, users should choose the export control mode first, and then set up the power bias function.


    In summary, all three of the above options provide good control of the grid connection and the customer can set up the inverter according to the specific conditions of their plant. The correspondence between each grid-connected inverter model and their respective supported functions is as follows:

    Note:Please update the firmware to the latest version before activating the Power Bias function and Per Phase function.



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